Another rural municipality in Manitoba has declared a state of agricultural disaster — the second municipality in less than a week following a season of relentless heat, record-breaking temperatures and drought.
On Friday, the rural municipality of Armstrong in the Interlake region north of Winnipeg declared a disaster after a week of hot temperatures and just before a weekend heat wave where temperatures reached the mid-30s C.
The move came less than a week after the neighbouring rural municipality of St. Laurent declared a state of disaster of its own.
The rural municipality of Armstrong is requesting immediate assistance from the federal and provincial governments to provide support to farmers for tax deferrals, feed shortages, freight assistance and compensation for additional wells being drilled, according to minutes from a special council meeting on Friday.
For part of the day on Monday, Manitoba saw a little bit of rain, but for many farmers it wasn’t enough to reverse a season marred by relentless heat, record-breaking temperatures and drought.
The municipality says it has received less than 40 per cent of the normal amount of rain so far this year, crop yields are coming in at excessively low volumes, and dugouts and wells are dry or drying up.
Drought brings grasshopper surge
Amy Nikkel runs a small organic farm called Adagio Acres near Lundar, Man., about 110 kilometres northwest of Winnipeg.
The drought in her area has caused a surge in grasshoppers, she said, which completely decimated her crop of oats.
“About a week ago, we could see the grasshoppers starting to come in from the alfalfa fields and they would chew down the first 20 feet of our oat crop, and then you’d walk out there a day later and they would’ve chewed down the next five feet, and then the next five feet, and the next five feet,” Nikkel said.
“We’ve got no crop at all because of the grasshopper damage.”
Luckily, Nikkel says her crop was fairly good in past years, and she’s been able to store enough oats to last two years.
Not everyone has been so lucky.
Brad Erb, a grain farmer and the reeve of the Rural Municipality of McDonald just southwest of the City of Winnipeg says he’s grateful to see a little rain, but it isn’t enough.
“We need significant rainfall to get back on track, and in fact, even significant rainfall will not make up for the the loss that we’ve already incurred on some of our crops,” he said.
Looking out on his dry, pale field is depressing, he said.
“In a normal year, this crop would be waist-high or higher, a lush yellow and green and look very healthy. Right now we have a plant that is struggling, it’s under stress, it’s pale, it’s off-yellow,” he said.
“This is a crop under big stress.”
WATCH | Brad Erb gives a tour of his drought-stricken field:
Province considering aid
On Wednesday, Premier Brian Pallister told reporters he has toured parts of the Interlake area. He said discussions about what the province can offer in terms of aid will happen soon.
In a statement, a spokesperson for Manitoba Agriculture Minister Blaine Pedersen said the department is closely monitoring conditions across the province and is in discussions with impacted groups to see how the province may be of additional assistance.
Diljeet Brar, the NDP’s agriculture critic wants to see the province provide additional measures to help farmers, including signing onto the federal AgriStability program, which is designed to help producers manage large income declines like the ones some Manitoba farmers are experiencing.
Producers receive a payment if their production margins in the current year falls below their historical reference margin by more than 30 per cent.
“That’s how we can help our farmers, our farm organizations are also asking for this help,” Brar said. “But unfortunately the [Pallister] government is not positive about these steps, so far. I expect they get up, and stand with the farmers in this tough situation,” Brar said.
In the meantime, both Nikkel and Erb just want to see more rain.
WATCH | Manitoba farmers hit hard by drought and heat: